This section lists the main natural habitats on the route as it makes its way through its four Autonomous Communities, as well as the main birds associated with these habitats. To download the full Birdwatching Guide, click here.
The high mountains of this land almost shake hands with the sea. The Cantabrian Sea – as the Bay of Biscay is known locally – bathes the coasts of the Principality, while less than 55 km inland the mountains soar imposingly. Asturias’ different habitats, ranging from high mountains down to the seashore, enable birdwatchers to contemplate species of great interest:
Castile and León
The Autonomous Community of Castile and León covers an area of 94,142 sq km and is situated within the northwestern quadrant of the Iberian Peninsula, to the south of Asturias and Cantabria. Its enormous surface area comprises a great variety of ecosystems and the region boasts an excellent representation of diverse ornithological communities, such as steppe, rock, alpine and woodland birds, among others.
Formed by the provinces of Cáceres and Badajoz and bordering on Portugal, this region covers an area of 41,602 sq km and is traversed entirely from north to south by the Vía de la Plata Route. Its main attraction lies in the relatively good state of conservation of its habitats, such as its Mediterranean woodland and shrubland, dehesas (wooded pastureland), pseudo-steppes and rivers, as well as its diverse scenery, all making for an area exceptionally rich in birdlife
Andalusia is situated at the “crossroads” of two seas, the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and of two continents, Europe and Africa. Its privileged bio-geographical situation and high ecological diversity have meant that the region is exceptionally rich in birdlife. Andalusia surpasses any other place in Europe in terms of the number of species of flora and fauna it is home to.