The terrain at altitudes of over 2,000 m above sea level is wide open, with a mixture of sub-alpine meadows, scrubland and stony ground.Water pipits, sky larks and blue-headed wagtails can be sighted in the meadows. The dunnock and, to a lesser extent, the melodious warbler, the ortolan bunting and the bluethroat are very abundant in the scrubland. The stony slopes and rocky peaks make up the biotype of the rock thrush, the rock bunting, the chough, the golden eagle and the Griffon vulture.
Woodland and shrubland:
The woodland of the Béjar Mountains belongs to the layer of vegetation called “supra-Mediterranean”. Deciduous trees such as the Pyrenean oak and the chestnut predominate here, giving shelter to an abundance of birdlife characteristic of forest media, especially the lesser spotted woodpecker, the hawfinch, the pied flycatcher, Bonelli’s warbler, the redstart and the booted eagle. There are also considerable areas of wild pine forests where species such as the coal tit, the red crossbill, the firecrest, the goldcrest and the European nightjar can be found, among others. The areas with heather, broom, bramble, hawthorn, wild rose and other types of shrub provide shelter for numerous smaller birds such as Dartford, spectacled, subalpineand Sardinian warblers, blackcaps and cirl buntings, as well as being the preferred habitat of the short-toed eagle.
In the fast running rivers that are often accompanied by riparian woods composed of alder, beech and willow trees, it is easy to hear – though difficult to sight – the nightingales and Cetti’s warblers hidden in the dense vegetation. The dipper, the grey wagtail and the common kingfisher are always to be found close to the water.