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Baños de Montemayor - Location

Aldea del Cano

Aldea del Cano

Aldea del Cano

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Baños de Montemayor

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Baños de Montemayor

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Béjar

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Béjar

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Benavente

Merece un alto en el camino

Merece un alto en el camino

Benavente

Merece un alto en el camino

Merece un alto en el camino

Calzadilla de los Barros

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Calzadilla de los Barros

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Casar de Cáceres

Miliarios romanos

Miliarios romanos

Casar de Cáceres

Miliarios romanos

Miliarios romanos

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Hervás

Turismo con corazón

Turismo con corazón

Hervás

Turismo con corazón

Turismo con corazón

La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza (20-21 de agosto 2016)

La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza (20-21 de agosto 2016)

La Pola de Gordón

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

La Pola de Gordón

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

Lena

Cyclist destination

Destino ciclista

Lena

Cyclist destination

Destino ciclista

Lena

Cyclist destination

Destino ciclista

León

León....te quedan dos deseos

León....te quedan dos deseos

León

León....te quedan dos deseos

León....te quedan dos deseos

Llanera

En el corazón de Asturias

En el corazón de Asturias

Llanera

En el corazón de Asturias

En el corazón de Asturias

Los Santos de Maimona

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

Los Santos de Maimona

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mieres

Danza Prima

Danza Prima

Mieres

Danza Prima

Danza Prima

Montemolín

Fortaleza almohade

Fortaleza almohade

Montemolín

Fortaleza almohade

Fortaleza almohade

Morcín

Embalse de los Afilorios

Embalse de los Afilorios

Morcín

Embalse de los Afilorios

Embalse de los Afilorios

Plasencia

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

Plasencia

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

Ribera de Arriba

Hórreos en Bueño

Hórreos en Bueño

Ribera de Arriba

Hórreos en Bueño

Hórreos en Bueño

Riosa

La Vega

La Vega

Riosa

La Vega

La Vega

Sevilla

We love people

We love people

Sevilla

We love people

We love people

Zafra

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Zafra

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Zamora

Desconocida, perfecta

Desconocida, perfecta

Zamora

Desconocida, perfecta

Desconocida, perfecta

Situation

Baños de Montemayor is located in the north of Extremadura, between the boundaries of the provinces of Cáceres and Salamanca, within the geographical area called The Ambroz Valley, along which the former N-630 “ Via de la Plata “ runs and goes through the centre of the locality, making access extremely easy from any point of the peninsula. The locality borders Béjar (15 km.) to the north, Hervás municipality (7 km.) and Plasencia town (40 km) to the south, Trasierra-Tierras de Granadilla region, Gabriel y Galán reservoir (20 km.) and Las Hurdes (35 km.) to the west and Jerte Valley to the east (38 km.).

Baños geography is uneven since it is surrounded by mountains ranging from 850 to 1,200 metres high with plentiful chestnut woods and other local species, its privileged situation, at the heart of the Ambroz Valley, makes it possible for Baños to have a mild climate in summer as well as in winter, enabling travellers to enjoy their stay in any season of the year. One of the main characteristics is the abundance of water, finding a lot of springs and fountains both within the urban area and its surroundings.

The municipality district has an area of about 22 km2.

Population: 780 inhabitants.  

 

To download the the city map, please click here

 

By road:

A-66  for both north and south access.

 

Public transport:

 

Buses

ALSA (www.alsa.es) links Baños de Montemayor with Salamanca, Plasencia, Cáceres, Mérida, Zafra, Sevilla, Valladolid, Oviedo, Gijón, País Vasco, etc.
Tel: 902 422 242

For short journeys (Salamanca, Plasencia, Cáceres...) ALSA tickets can be purchased directly on the bus. For longer trips or if you wish to secure your seat, you should contact Hilario Castellano (sales correspondent in Baños de Montemayor) by telephone on 692263038.

 

CEVESA (www.cevesa.es) links the locality with Piedrahita, Ávila and Madrid.
Tickets are always purchased on the bus.
Tel: 91 5393132

All buses have a stop at Pza. del Arenal s/n.

 

Train

The nearest railway stations are Plasencia (42 km. south of the locality) and Salamanca (90 km. north of the locality).
For any enquiries about timetables, fees and ticket purchase:  
www.renfe.esor on 902 24 02 02, for ticket sale.

 

Airport

The nearest one is Matacán (Salamanca, at 90 km.) although the International Madrid-Barajas airport is at 230 km. and there is a daily and direct Madrid-Baños-Madrid bus service.

40.318516051709, -5.8587008714676

History

Roman times

The oldest evidence of the past still preserved in our municipality dates back to Roman times and is linked to the existence of a thermal water spring and to the Roman road. The different authors who have studied the “Via de la Plata " Roman road have not agreed on what the name of this place would be, some identifying it with the mansio of Caelionico, and others with Banium or Aquae Caperensis.

During the Middle Ages, the Via de la Plata served to mark the boundary between the Catholic Kingdoms of Castile and León, turning Baños de Montemayor into two villages (Baños de Montemayor and Baños de Béjar) as the existence of two different parishes gives evidence, until 1833 when, through the new reorganization of provinces, Baños becomes a single municipality. From the 17th century and due to the well-deserved renown for its thermal water, it became one of the most visited localities in Extremadura, having so far one of the most modern spas in Europe.

 

Via de la Plata

 

The road preserves its layout in two large stretches situated at the north and south accesses to the town. The cobblestone road of the northern stretch, with about a two-kilometre route, underwent restoration in 1973. In this section, where access to go through the pass starts, two examples of sewers can be seen.

Next to the southern stretch, half kilometre from the village, a small Roman bridge called “del Cubo “(Cube´s) is preserved; it has a single arch with a  span of 3,50 metres and is completely restored.

This natural route of communication has a remote origin. As a Roman itinerary, it extended between Mérida (Emérita Augusta) and Astorga (Astúrica Augusta), and has been studied since the 18th century to present day, due to its historical and cultural relevance.

Distances, in Roman miles, were marked with milestones, and at the end of each day’s journey there was a "mansio" or parador to rest. Baños de Montemayor could be said to belong to the location of one these mansios: Caelionico or Cecilio Vico.

The road went through the village, preserving two stretches of its layout in the N and S exits. Linked to the road, there are sewers and bridges, such as the one called Cubo (Cube). During the Middle Ages, it becomes a pilgrim’s road, being part of the Way of St James' southern pilgrim route. It also served as a way of transhumance, coinciding in a large extent of its layout, with Vizana drover’s road.

 

Middle Ages

 

During the Middle Ages, the Via de la Plata lost economic importance and after the Reconquest, its route served to mark the boundary between the Catholic kingdoms of Castile and León. Later, it was also used to delimit the ecclesiastical jurisdictions from the dioceses of Coria and Plasencia.Thus, Baños turns into a border village, generating two population centres linked as for physical reality, but completely differentiated administratively.

Each district belonged to different kingdoms and dioceses (the reason why there are two parish temples) and to different feudal lords.

The part belonging to Santa Catalina parish depended on the kingdom of Castile and the diocese of Plasencia, and belonged to the Duke of Béjar, whereas Santa María parish district was part of the kingdom of León, belonged to the diocese of Coria and to the demesne of the Marquis of Montemayor. With the provincial division in 1833, Baños de Montemayor became an independent municipality.

Finally, in 1959, it passed to the diocese of Plasencia.

18th to 20th Centuries

In the 18th century, D. José González Laso, the bishop of Plasencia, carried out important building works in the area, including the spa refurbishment, which was later continued by D. Juan de Porras y Atienza, the bishop of Coria. The first building for the baths, whose brick vaults are still preserved, dates from this period.

The 19th century was the period of greatest flowering of thermalism, constructing a new building for the spa and a hotel. Due to its special microclimate, Baños became a destination for holidaymakers, who build summer homes following the architectural styles of that time.

Historia , Historia

Más Información

Centro de Información:
OFICINA DE INFORMACIÓN TURÍSTICA
Teléfonos:
+34 927 488 285
Fax:
927488075
Web:
http://www.banosdemontemayor.es/