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La Bañeza - Location

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Aller

Aller's Landscape

Paisaje de Aller

Baños de Montemayor

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Baños de Montemayor

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Villa Termal de Calidad Excelente

Béjar

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Béjar

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Ruta de las Fábricas Textiles

Benavente

Merece un alto en el camino

Merece un alto en el camino

Benavente

Merece un alto en el camino

Merece un alto en el camino

Calzadilla de los Barros

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Calzadilla de los Barros

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Retablo del Divino Salvador

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Carmona

Carmona, a museum

Carmona, a museum

Casar de Cáceres

Miliarios romanos

Miliarios romanos

Casar de Cáceres

Miliarios romanos

Miliarios romanos

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Fuente de Cantos

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Land of Painters, Cultures and Traditions

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Gijón

Northern Spain with Zest

Asturias con sal

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Guijuelo

Hervás

Turismo con corazón

Turismo con corazón

Hervás

Turismo con corazón

Turismo con corazón

La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza (20-21 de agosto 2016)

La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza

Gran Premio de Velocidad Ciudad de La Bañeza (20-21 de agosto 2016)

La Pola de Gordón

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

La Pola de Gordón

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

Reserva de la Biosfera del Alto Bernesga

Lena

Cyclist destination

Destino ciclista

Lena

Cyclist destination

Destino ciclista

Lena

Cyclist destination

Destino ciclista

León

León....te quedan dos deseos

León....te quedan dos deseos

León

León....te quedan dos deseos

León....te quedan dos deseos

Llanera

En el corazón de Asturias

En el corazón de Asturias

Llanera

En el corazón de Asturias

En el corazón de Asturias

Los Santos de Maimona

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

Los Santos de Maimona

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

El Piropo blanco de Extremadura

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mérida

Mieres

Danza Prima

Danza Prima

Mieres

Danza Prima

Danza Prima

Montemolín

Fortaleza almohade

Fortaleza almohade

Montemolín

Fortaleza almohade

Fortaleza almohade

Morcín

Embalse de los Afilorios

Embalse de los Afilorios

Morcín

Embalse de los Afilorios

Embalse de los Afilorios

Plasencia

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

Plasencia

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

La ciudad está viva, se siente viva

Ribera de Arriba

Hórreos en Bueño

Hórreos en Bueño

Ribera de Arriba

Hórreos en Bueño

Hórreos en Bueño

Riosa

La Vega

La Vega

Riosa

La Vega

La Vega

Sevilla

We love people

We love people

Sevilla

We love people

We love people

Zafra

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Zafra

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Palacio de los Duques de Feria SXV

Zamora

Desconocida, perfecta

Desconocida, perfecta

Zamora

Desconocida, perfecta

Desconocida, perfecta

Situation

La Bañeza municipality lies to the southwest of León province, 45 km from the capital.

It has a continental climate characterized by very cold winters and summer months of pleasant temperatures.

The municipality district has an area of 19, 7 km2.

The city stands on a fertile plain sprinkled by the waters of the rivers Duerna, Tuerto and Órbigo and is the head and commercial and service centre of an extensive agricultural region, the most important one of the province.

This environment offers us the possibility to enjoy a dense grove and some spacious riparian forests which allow a wide availability of natural areas, bathing and recreation areas, as well as botanical walks, sports excursions and rivers that invite to fish.

The highest point is Mount Teleno, 2,188 metres high and covered with snow almost all year round.

For more detailed information, download   La Bañeza Region map  

How to come

The town has good road communications either by dual carriageway, through A-6, or by LE-622 road that joins La Bañeza with León and Zamora.

Alsa Bus Company Terminal provides bus connections with a good number of both national and international destinations.

As for train transport, the nearest Renfe railway stations are Astorga (21 km) and León capital city (50 km).

To travel by plane, the nearest airport is La Virgen del Camino (León) at about 40 km from which domestic and international flights are operated.

42.298889151726, -5.8997654914856

History

The first historical references to La Bañeza territory allude to the Astur character of its inhabitants. Near the current site of the town, in San Martín de Torres, the Astur town of Bedunia is  in all likelihood located, mentioned in several Roman geographical resources, such as the so-called Antonine Itinerary, which gives us a thorough account of the importance of this space.

 

Gold, metal abundance and agricultural wealth of the territory, led to the conquest of Rome between 29 to 19 B.C., culminating during the reign of Emperor Augustus. From then until the 5th century of our era, La Bañeza area was part of Conventus Iuridicus Asturum, within the province of Gallaecia, covering, during the late Roman Empire, the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.

 

Its position in a real crossroads made it an area of dense human occupation and valued by several peoples during the Germanic invasions that ended with Rome. In the middle of the 5th century, Visigoths and Swabians fought in the environs of Bañeza, in the now deserted village of Hinojo (Fennel), for the dominion of these lands, leaving the winning victory on the Goths side. It is likely that during these centuries, 5th to 8th centuries, there was a smaller settlement near the present church of San Salvador, perhaps linked to a religious settlement.

 

 The Muslim invasion of 711 devastated these lands, as the so-called Via de la Plata that crosses them was one of the thoroughfares of penetration used by the Arab armies in the conquest.

 

In the middle of the 9th century, by order of Count Gatón of El Bierzo, the current La Bañeza location was born formed from two different population centres. San Pedro de Périx founded one with the population of Pereje (Bierzo), another one with Mozarabs coming from Cordoba was settled around San Salvador, calling that habitat Bani Eiza which means place belonging to the descendants of Jesus. From the fusion of Cordovan Mozarabs and Bercians, the essence of openness and cosmopolitan nature of La Bañeza would be born as well as its first market and two parishes: San Pedro, which would eventually move to Santa Maria and San Salvador, which, as a family monastery, would be offered to the Bishop San Genadio in the early tenth century.

 

At the end of this century, Al-Mansur's troops destroyed the monastery, which would be recovered at the beginning of the 11th century and again offered to the episcopate. The subsequent peace and its location on the Via de la Plata, one of the historic Pilgrimage Roads  to Santiago de Compostela, marks part of its vital essence.

 

But above all, the medieval history of La Bañeza is the forging of its commercial and economic head character of a territory. Its market, famous throughout the Kingdom of León and, after 1230, in the Crown of Castile, is alive and active to this day.

 

 During the modern age, our town was to become the head of the Marquisate with the same name in the hands of the Bazán family. To this prosperous town, merchants, artisans and traders arriving from distant lands of Europe would come, mainly Flemish and French ones specialized in fabrics, one of the most important trades of the town. Seat of the Adelantamiento of the Kingdom of León during part of the seventeenth century, La Bañeza became an active and open reference place of the Crown.

 

Like other cities, it suffered the consequences of the Napoleonic occupation and the sufferings of the Carlist wars. In the late 19th century, in 1895, it officially received the title of city from the hands of the Queen Regent Maria Christina of Habsburg- Lorraine, on behalf of her son Alfonso XIII.

 

Today it is a wise city built upon the open and cosmopolitan character of all its people since ancient times. A city that receives people with open arms, a city that is festive, carnival-loving, but also serious and rigorous in business, commercial and active. A city where everybody is welcome.

Historia , Historia

Más Información

Centro de Información:
OFICINA MUNICIPAL DE TURISMO
Teléfonos:
+34 987 656 737
Fax:
+34 987 640 449
Email:
turismo@aytobaneza.es